The two words meaning "autumn-coloured foliage" are koyo and momiji, both written with the same two characters, 紅葉. Koyo refers to the phenomenon of changing autumn colours, mainly when it occurs to the leaves of deciduous broad-leaf trees before the leaves fall to the ground. The species of maple generally determines the colour the leaves will change: red, yellow or brown. Although the word koyo literally means "red leaves," it is used to refer to all the colours of autumn leaves. The word oyo refers to yellow leaves, and the word katsuyo refers to brown leaves specifically. Plants and trees that turn red: Maples, Japanese sumac, wax tree, Japanese rowan, burning bush, rhododendron. Plants and trees that turn yellow: Maples, ginkgo, poplar, plane tree, Japanese elm Plants and trees that turn brown: Japanese beech, oaks, chestnut, birches, Japanese zelkova, Japanese horse chestnut, bigleaf magnolia.
Category:Travel and Places
Keywords:Japan, Kyoto, autumn, koyo, maple, momiji, tree, 紅葉