Ginkaku-ji (銀閣寺 "Temple of the Silver Pavilion"), officially named Jishō-ji (慈照寺 "Temple of Shining Mercy"), is a Zen temple in the Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, Japan. This temple has been known as the Higashiyama-den (Higashiyama Palace) of the eight Ashikaga Shogun Yoshimasa. After his death, it was converted into this temple in accordance with his will. The two-storied Kannon-den (観音殿), is the main temple structure. Its was constructed in 1489. It is a two-story building and has a roof covering made with a layer of thin cypress shingles. The first floor of the pavilion, built in the Shoin-zukuri style, is called Shinkuden. The second floor, built in Zen Buddhism style, is called Chouonkaku, in which an image of Kannon (the God of Mercy) is enshrined. The structure's design sought to emulate the golden Kinkaku-ji which had been commissioned by his grandfather Ashikaga Yoshimitsu. It is popularly known as Ginkaku, the "Silver Pavilion" because of the initial plans to cover its exterior in silver foil. The Togudo Hall was constructed in 1486 to hold the image of the God of mercy owned by Ashikaga Yoshimasa. Inside this building is a study room that is called Dojinsai, though some people say it is the prototype and origin of the tea room. It is said that Ashikaga Yoshimasa constructed the garden modelled on the garden of the Saihoji Temple (Moss Temple). The garden is divided into two parts; an upper area in rock work style and a lower area in pond strolling style. The property features wooded grounds covered with a variety of mosses. The Japanese garden, supposedly designed by the great landscape artist Sōami. The sand garden of Ginkaku-ji has become particularly well known; and the carefully formed pile of sand which is said to symbolize Mount Fuji is an essential element in the garden.
Category:Travel and Places
Keywords:Ashikaga Yoshimasa, Buddhism, Ginkaku-ji, Japan, Jishō-ji, Kyoto, Sōami, Temple of the Silver Pavilion, 慈照, 相阿弥, 義政, 足利, 銀閣寺