Kyoto-Nara Dream Trips | Saimyo-ji Temple in Makino-o!
Created 28-Sep-12
18 photos

Saimyo-ji, a small temple that stands between Kozan-ji and Jingo-ji, was founded during the period of Tencho (824-834) by Chisen Daitoku (789-825) who was one of the ten disciples of Kukai (774-835), the founder of Shingon Buddhism. It’s Sango (mountain name) is Makinoo-san referring to Mount Makinoo. It is well know as one of the “Sanbi temples” (three tails), the names of which include a Chinese character meaning “tail”, and is famous for beautiful autumn leaves. The priest Chisen reportedly founded this temple as a detached temple of Jingo-ji Temple. It was restored from 1275 to 1278 by the high priest Jisho Shonin of Mt. Makino-o in the Izumi province (south west of present Osaka prefecture). Later, in 1290, Emperor Gouda named the temple and it became independent from Jingo-ji Temple. The Shingon sect temple is also known as Byodoshinno-in. The main hall was donated by Keishoin (1627-1705), the mother of the 5th Tokugawa Shogun Tsunayoshi (1646-1709), in 1700. The primary Buddhist image, Shaka-Nyorai was sculptured by Unkei during the Kamakura era (1192-1333) and is an Important Cultural Property. Beside this statue stands an image of Senju-kannon, or the Thousand-armed Kannon which was made during the Heian era (794-1185) and is also an Important Cultural Property. The view around the vermillion coloured Shigetsukyo bridge in front of the temple gate is particularity beautiful during autumn. Kūkai, also known posthumously as Kōbō-Daishi, 774–835, was a Japanese monk, civil servant, scholar, poet, and artist, founder of the Shingon or "True Word" school of Buddhism. Shingon Buddhism (真言宗 Shingon-shū) is one of the mainstream major schools of Japanese Buddhism and one of the few surviving Esoteric Buddhist lineages that started in the 3rd to 4th century CE that originally spread from India to China through traveling monks such as Vajrabodhi and Amoghavajra. The esoteric teachings would later flourish in Japan under the auspices of a Buddhist monk named Kūkai (空海), who traveled to Tang Dynasty China to acquire and request transmission of the esoteric teachings. For that reason, it is often called Japanese Esoteric Buddhism, or Orthodox Esoteric Buddhism. The word "Shingon" is the Japanese reading of the Kanji for the Chinese word Zhēnyán (真言)", literally meaning "True Words", which in turn is the Chinese translation of the Sanskrit word mantra (मन्त्र).

Categories & Keywords
Subcategory Detail: